The prophecy against Eli's family. 1 Samuel 1:18 And she said, Let your handmaid find grace in your sight. : This was hard for Hannah and Elkanah. Commentary for 1 Samuel 1 In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Hannah took something that already belonged to the LORD and gave it again to Him in a greater way – for the whole life, and in the dedication of a Nazirite, which was a greater consecration than a Levite. 1:25 was the sacrifice connected with the presentation of Samuel to the Lord -- whereas the other two bulls were those brought on the previous two years during the interval when Samuel was being weaned. 1 Samuel 1 Elkanah and his family go to Shiloh. 2. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “. (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. ii. After fulfilling this calling, Samuel continues to serve under Eli until he is recognized as a prophet in his own right (1 Sam. Even though the priests were wicked, he still offered sacrifices to the LORD, knowing that the wickedness of the priest did not make his own service to the LORD invalid. Hannah's song of thanksgiving. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. The story is familiar to many of us. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. The word of the Lord first revealed to Samuel. "This is a song of revolution where the bows of the mighty are broken and the poor are raised from the dust. means “Name of God” but Hannah – as was common among the Hebrews – made a pun on the name by saying that she had “asked the LORD for him.”, is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). 5. The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. When weaned, she takes him to Shiloh, presents hear child to Eli to be consecrated to the Lord, and offers three bullocks, an ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, for his consecration, 1 Samuel 1:24-28. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. : Hannah did not accept Eli’s accusation, but she did not respond in a haughty or arrogant tone. And the child was young. He said, “do everything in obedience to God so we may see His word established among us.”. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. The word Samuel, as we have already seen, is a contraction of the words מאל שאול Shaul meEl, that is, asked or lent of God; for his mother said, 1 Samuel 1:27, The Lord hath given me my petition, which שאלתי Shaalti, I Asked of him. the LORD in faith while the promise was still not yet fulfilled. 1 There was a man whose name was Elkanah. Her prayer and vow in the temple, that if God would give her a son, she would consecrate him to His service, 1 Samuel 1:9-11. (3-7) Elkanah and his family journey to the tabernacle. Yet this passage shows that prevailing prayer doesn’t need to be vocal. 1. When sinners begin to repent and reform, they must expect that Satan will muster all his force against them, and set his instruments at work to the utmost, to oppose and discourage them. : The fact that 1 Samuel 1:24 mentions three bulls brought to Shiloh but 1 Samuel 1:25 mentions only one being sacrificed (with some of the meat available for a fellowship meal) emphasizes that one of the bulls was specifically made as a burnt offering for the cleansing and consecration of little Samuel. “Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now.” Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him.” And she said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. Eli reproves his sons, but mildly 1 Samuel 2:22-25. Click on the different category headings to find out more. See the preface. , yet she did the right thing. Your traditional views of Samuel, Saul and David will be challenged by the insights from Bodner. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Samuel, Hannah presents him to the Lord. EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY 1 Samuel W G Blaikie. From “Playing Both Ends Against the Middle” to “Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place” (1 Samuel 29:1-30:6) 27. Commentary on 1 Samuel 9:18-27 (Read 1 Samuel 9:18-27) Samuel, that good prophet, was so far from envying Saul, or bearing him any ill-will, that he was the first and most forward to do him honour. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. d. Her face was no longer sad: The change in Hannah’s countenance shows that she received the promise with faith, something necessary if we will inherit the promises of God (Hebrews 6:12). She the notes on Genesis 21:14, and Matthew 9:17. Then of the advancement of Saul to be the king of Israel, and his ill behaviour, until his death made way for David's succession to the … Saul reigned one year--(see Margin). And the LORD remembered her: To use the term remembered is an anthropomorphism, a way of explaining God’s actions in human terms that we can understand, even if it doesn’t perfectly describe God’s action. Samuel and Samson (Judges 13:5) were unique because they were Nazirites from birth. 2. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. It isn’t as if God ever forgot Hannah, but it is proper to say He remembered her. Hannah took something that already belonged to the LORD and gave it again to Him in a greater way – for the whole life, and in the dedication of a Nazirite, which was a greater consecration than a Levite. Summary 1 Samuel 2: Hannah thanks Yahweh by reciting a thanksgiving hymn. Even so, we may be dedicated unto the LORD – but it is possible to give God a greater dedication. (Lectures to my Students, Vol. CHAPTER 1. The Change from Barrenness to Fertility1:1-2:10. Both that evening and early the next morning, Samuel communed with Saul upon the flat roof of the house. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. But the time of a Levite’s special dedication to the LORD only lasted from the age of 30 to 50 (Numbers 4:2-3). These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. By a post of the temple of the Lord - I think this is the first place where יהוה היכל heychal Yehovah, "temple of Jehovah," is mentioned. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. On this ground it might be said that Elkanah gave Hannah his own portion or a part of that which was placed before himself. One ephah of flour - Seven gallons and a half. 1 SAMUEL 1. : The change in Hannah’s countenance shows that she received the promise with faith, something necessary if we will inherit the promises of God (Hebrews 6:12). She would explain herself, but she did it remembering that he was her high priest. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. This gives room for a strong suspicion that the books of Samuel were not compiled till the first temple was built, or after the days of Solomon. Her defense of her conduct, 1 Samuel 1:15, 1 Samuel 1:16. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). The fact that Eli supposed her to be drunken, and the other of the conduct of Eli's sons already mentioned, prove that religion was at this time at a very low ebb in Shiloh; for it seems drunken women did come to the place, and lewd women were to be found there. 1:1-8:22 Of Samuel’s resignation of the government and Saul’s advancement and mal-administration, 1 Sam. : This was wonderful counsel from Elkanah. ( Harper's Bible Commentary , p. 268) Chapter 8 is the first account of Israel’s demand for a king, of the response of Samuel and of God, and of the admonition Samuel gives to the people. One Step Forward and Two Backward (1 Samuel 27:1-28:2) 25. 6:34 . Introduction. : According to the Law of Moses, Israelites could not worship God through sacrifice at any time and in any way they pleased. The bull mentioned in 1 Sam. This and the following chapter are connected in most copies of the Septuagint and Vulgate thus: And Anna worshipped, and said, My soul is strengthened in the Lord, etc. : In Elkanah’s response to Hannah’s sorrow, we see that he really did love her; yet like many men he was insensitive. Then they slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. Hannah had reason enough to be discouraged, but when the promise of God was spoken she did not lose faith in the promise, even when it took some time. Commentary on 1 Samuel 7:7-12 (Read 1 Samuel 7:7-12) The Philistines invaded Israel. Only let the LORD establish His word: This was wonderful counsel from Elkanah. Whatever it was, it was intended as a proof of his especial love to her; for, it is added, he loved Hannah. They were to bring sacrifices to the tabernacle and the priests, which at this time were at, Also the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there. In the tradition in which I was raised, Bible study material often tried to present a “Central Bible Truth” for each lesson–the one thing that the biblical text said was important to “take home.” In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:1-13" a. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. I used it for my Biblical Exegesis class in seminary. Keith Simons. a. So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked for him from the LORD.”. 4:1) and succeeds Eli after Eli’s death (1 Sam. Yet this passage shows that prevailing prayer doesn’t need to be vocal. 1. Then they slaughtered a bull, and brought the child to Eli. e. I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life: The child was already dedicated as a Levite because God regarded the tribe of Levi as His own special possession. 1. The commentary on the books of Samuel is a great example of Baldwin’s high quality work. This town was in the hills. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. There is a great deal of delicacy and point in this vindication. He said, “do everything in obedience to God so we may see His word established among us.”. You can check these in your browser security settings. He had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. 5. The Philistines send out foraging companies, and waste the land, 1 Samuel 13:17, 1 Samuel 13:18. It is reasonable to assume that Hannah was in no hurry to wean Samuel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:4". Verses 1-10. 1 Samuel 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). The book of 1 Samuel [say: ''First Samuel''] is a book of transition. Mary the mother of Jesus quoted Hannah’s song often (Luke 1:46-55). ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. The Lord of hosts - צבאות יהוה Yehovah tsebaoth, Jehovah of armies. After this the word temple is frequent in the books of Kings, Chronicles, and in the prophets. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. The fact that Eli suspected Hannah of drunkenness doesn’t speak well for what went on around the tabernacle. According to Numbers 6, the vow of a Nazirite included the following: Abstinence from any product from a grape vine, signifying distance from all fleshly pleasures. Samuel and Samson (Judges 13:5) were unique because they were Nazirites from birth. The place is called Ramah, (1 Samuel 1:19,) and seems to have been a village situated on two hills, which, on account of their elevation, commanded extensive prospects, and were proper places from which to make observations.Probably there might be a watch-tower and sentinels placed in each. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. 1 Samuel 2. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . , and the other of the conduct of Eli’s sons already mentioned, prove that religion was at this time at a very low ebb in Shiloh; for it seems. Commentaries for the book of 1 Samuel. Verses 1-10 To make way for the account of God’s revealing himself first to Samuel, we are here told, 1. ). We were not told in 1 Samuel 5 that the plague involved rats. Commentary on 1 Samuel 11:12-15 (Read 1 Samuel 11:12-15) They now honoured Saul whom they had despised; and if an enemy be made a friend, that is more to our advantage than to have him slain. www.easyenglish.bible. 2 He had two wives. He had two wives - The custom of those times permitted polygamy; but wherever there was more than one wife, we find the peace of the family greatly disturbed by it. Commentary on 1 Samuel 11:12-15 (Read 1 Samuel 11:12-15) They now honoured Saul whom they had despised; and if an enemy be made a friend, that is more to our advantage than to have him slain. 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite [] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. Welcome to the books of Samuel, the prophet of God. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, al titten eth amathecha liphney bath Beliyael, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. This is a glorious pattern of faith. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. Chapter one of first Samuel begins with the story of a man named Elkanah, who had two wives.. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. Ramathaim-zophim — The latter word means watchers, or watchmen, and the former the Ramahs. A list of the best commentaries on 1/2 Samuel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. 4:18). Arnold’s commentary on the books of Samuel in the NIVAC series is one of the better contributions. Also, this showed that the Nazirite had greater concerns than the ordinary joys and sorrows of life. Or, "Give not thy handmaid (to reproach) before the faces of the daughters of Belial." 1 Samuel 4 – Capture of the Ark of the Covenant A. The man Elkanah and all his house - He and the whole of his family, Hannah and her child excepted, who purposed not to go up to Shiloh till her son was old enough to be employed in the Divine service. Samuel shows him that God has rejected him from being captain over his people, 1 Samuel 13:13, 1 Samuel 13:14. 1 Samuel 13:1 1 Samuel 13:2. 1. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. Until the child is weaned: In that culture, a child was usually not weaned until two years of age, or sometimes three years. A list of the best commentaries on 1/2 Samuel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Summary 1 Samuel 1: After many years of barrenness, Hannah’s prayers are answered. Excellent commentary on 1 Samuel. IV. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). This name would put both the mother and the son in continual remembrance of the Divine interposition at his birth. The Israelites earnestly beg Samuel to pray for them. (1 Samuel 1:1 - 4:1a), concentrates on Samuel as a prophet of the Lord (see the concluding statement of 4:1a), “the word of Samuel … Hannah took those bitter and anguished feelings to God honestly in prayer. God by a proverb foretelleth the destruction of Eli’s house, 1 Samuel 2:27-36. His introductory material, in which he deals with the literary strands that led to the final redaction of the text, is of this nature. b. The Jewish religion, teaching the knowledge of a Being who was the Lord of all these, showed at once its superiority to all that heathenism could boast. Bob Deffinbaugh. She is a great example of, those who through faith and patience inherit the promises. 1 Samuel The Birth of Samuel. Some account of Elkanah and his two wives, Peninnah and Hannah, 1, 2. (12-14) Eli, the high priest, watches Hannah’s silent prayer. A very good introductory-intermediate level commentary. Some think the tumors were the result of bubonic plague, carried by rats. 1 Samuel 1:1. Eli’s sons are wicked, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. The Ark is captured. Effective prayer can be silent and in the heart. This is a glorious pattern of faith. a. 1 Samuel 1:1-8.OF ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. The name of the one was Hannah - חנה Channah, which signifies fixed or settled, and the other פננה Peninnah, which signifies a jewel or pearl. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. (1-10) The Philistine Goliath challenges Israel. But the time of a Levite’s special dedication to the LORD only lasted from the age of 30 to 50 (Numbers 4:2-3). He was a believing man who went to worship and sacrifice to God on a yearly basis, but his problem was that the wife he loved, her name Hannah, was barren and could not … 2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. Hannah, why do you weep?… Am I not better to you than ten sons. The prophecy against Eli's family. For this child I prayed, and the LORD has granted me my petition which I asked of Him. 6:33 , 1 Chr. Is not my especial affection to thee better than all the comfort thou couldst gain, even from a numerous family? It outlines the change from the theocracy established under Moses to the monarchy begun under [king] Saul. I have poured out my soul before the LORD, : This is exactly what Hannah needed to do. 19:20. : It is often good to pray aloud, because it can help us to better focus our thoughts. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the LORD remembered her. God gives us leave, in prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but to mention that special good thing we most need and desire. The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 3:1-21 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: First Samuel begins with an account of Hannah, the wife of Elkanah. While much beloved, Hannah was unable to conceive children, a fact that caused her great anguish. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Eli, the high priest, indistinctly hearing her pray, charges her with being drunk, 1 Samuel 1:12-14. The commentary by Ralph W. Klein on 1 Samuel contains a significant amount of material that will be of interest primarily to the serious scholar. This Life of David has supplied a great lack." Helen Pocock. Ch. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). Hannah's song of thanksgiving. c. How long will you be drunk: Eli misunderstood Hannah, but the fact that he suspected that she was drunk shows that it may not have been unusual for people to become drunk at the “fellowship meals” with the LORD at the tabernacle. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: It is often good to pray aloud, because it can help us to better focus our thoughts. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18 (Read 1 Samuel 1:9-18) Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. And as he did so year by year - As the whole family went up to Shiloh to the annual festivals, Peninnah had both sons and daughters to accompany her, 1 Samuel 1:4, but Hannah had none; and Peninnah took this opportunity particularly to twit Hannah with her barrenness, by making an ostentatious exhibition of her children. In addition to telling the story of Saul and David, the book of 1 Samuel introduces other well-known biblical characters in scripture including Jonathan, Mephibosheth and others. I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life. Samuel departs; and Saul and Jonathan, with six hundred men abide in Gibeah, 1 Samuel 13:15, 1 Samuel 13:16. Eli - sat upon a seat - הכסא על al hakkisse, upon the throne, i.e., of judgment; for he was then judge of Israel. 3. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. Elkanah and his family go again to Shiloh to worship; but Hannah stays at home to nurse her child, purposing, as soon as he is weaned, to go and offer him to the Lord, according to her vow, 1 Samuel 1:21-23. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The book also marks the transition from priests to prophets as the central figure of God's dealing with Israel. 1 Samuel 1. Samuel, Hannah presents him to the Lord. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. These were facts which the author did not think it needful to mention, simply because it is implied from 1 Sam. Then of the advancement of Saul to be the king of Israel, and his ill behaviour, until his death made way for David's succession to … 1 Samuel 19 – David Flees from Saul. Commentaries for the book of 1 Samuel. In 1 Samuel 1:28; she says: ליהוה ששול הוא hu Shaul layhouah, he shall be Lent unto the Lord: here we find the verb is the same; and it is remarked by grammarians that שאל shaal, he asked, making in the participle pahul שאול shaul, Asked, in the conjugation hiphil signifies to lend; therefore, says his mother, 1 Samuel 1:28, ליהוה השאלתיהו Hishiltihu layhovah, I have Lent him to the Lord. : Hannah began her prayer by calling on the, This title is used some 260 times in the Old Testament and has the idea “LORD of the Mighty Armies.” Hannah felt attacked by her rival, so she called on the, : Hannah promised her son to the work of the LORD, vowing he would be a Nazirite from birth (, I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head. Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:10-22 (Read 1 Samuel 8:10-22) If they would have a king to rule them, as the eastern kings ruled their subjects, they would find the yoke exceedingly heavy. The name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other, Peninnah. Samuel, Saul and David. i. Hannah shows how we can regain the joy of fellowship in the house of the LORD again: by pouring out our heart before the LORD and by receiving His word with faith. The word of the Lord first revealed to Samuel. Hannah had reason enough to be discouraged, but when the promise of God was spoken she did not lose faith in the promise, even when it took some time. Never cutting the hair because it was a public, visible sign to others of the vow. Elkanah comforts her, 1 Samuel 1:8. Commentaries on 1/2 Samuel. And she said, “O my lord! Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. Strife and conflict always characterize polygamous families in the Bible. Some account of Elkanah and his two wives, Peninnah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 1:1, 1 Samuel 1:2.His annual worship at Shiloh and the portions he gave at such times to his wives, 1 Samuel 1:3-5.Hannah, being barren, is reproached by Peninnah, especially in their going up to Shiloh; at which she is sorely grieved, 1 Samuel 1:6, 1 Samuel 1:7. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-1.html. "If I am a drunkard, and strive by the most execrable hypocrisy (praying in the house of God) to cover my iniquity, then I am the chief of the daughters of Belial." 1. His annual worship at Shiloh and the portions he gave at such times to his wives, 1 Samuel 1:3-5. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Samuel, the baby born to Hannah, will become a kingmaker—the one who will anoint Saul (9:16; 10:1) and David (16:12-13). Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) 1 There was a certain man of a Ramathaim-zophim of b the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, c an Ephrathite. Hannah's prayer. She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. You can find the best commentary on 1/2 Samuel for you using the tools on … Am not I better to thee than ten sons? Hannah and Elkanah return home; she conceives, bears a son, and calls him Samuel, 1 Samuel 1:19, 1 Samuel 1:20. It isn’t as if God ever, : It didn’t happen right away. 1 Samuel 3. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Hannah, being barren, is reproached by Peninnah, especially in their going up to Shiloh; at which she is sorely grieved, 1 Samuel 1:6, 1 Samuel 1:7. The books of 1 and 2 Samuel used to be one book. b. I have poured out my soul before the LORD: This is exactly what Hannah needed to do. 1:1 – 7:17: This first major division of the book begins and ends in Samuel’s home town of Ramah. He did not recognize that she had needs he could not fulfill (such as the desire to be a mother). "The Adam Clarke Commentary". After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. It was in a place that God had given to Ephraim's tribe.Elkanah was the son of Jeroham. Introduction to 1 and 2 Samuel. Put your wine away from you!”. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. (1a) Saul plots the murder of David, attempting to enlist the help of Jonathan and his servants. The sun, moon, planets, and stars, were the highest objects of religious worship to the heathens in general. ... Speaker’s Commentary. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. A very good introductory-intermediate level commentary. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" : These priests are mentioned by name because they were known as notoriously wicked priests (1 Samuel 2:17, 24). Hannah's prayer. The Lord establish his word - Or, may the Lord establish his word - preserve the child, cause him to grow up, and make him a blessing to Israel. until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” And Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait until you have weaned him. - Ten, a certain for an uncertain number. Then Elkanah went to his house at Ramah. i. i. he could not be less interested than herself. : As Elkanah brought his family each year to the tabernacle for sacrifice he ate a ceremonial meal at the tabernacle with his family, giving portions to his wives and their children. Their willingness to fulfill the vow even at great personal cost is evidence of godliness in Elkanah and Hannah. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. , a way of explaining God’s actions in human terms that, can understand, even if it doesn’t perfectly describe God’s action. 1 Samuel - The Book of Samuel Commentary, Online Bible Study "And he put his hand into his scrip, and took a stone, and cast it with the sling, and fetching it about struck the Philistine in the forehead: and the stone was fixed in his forehead, and he fell on his face upon the earth. Some account of Elkanah and his two wives, Peninnah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 1:1, 1 Samuel 1:2. (11) Samuel ministers unto the LORD. And the child, young. Verse 1 Fetched up the ark - When these people received the message of the Beth-shemites, they probably consulted Samuel, with whom was the counsel of the Lord, and he had encouraged them to go and bring it up, else they might have expected such destruction as happened to the Beth-shemites. Then they arose early in the morning and worshipped: Hannah could genuinely worship the LORD in faith while the promise was still not yet fulfilled. a. As she continued praying: This is literally, “as she multiplied to pray.” We only have recorded a bare summary of Hannah’s prayer. Therefore also I have lent him to the Lord - There is here a continual reference to her vow, and to the words which she used in making that vow. Called his name Samuel - As she gave this name to her son because she had asked him of the Lord, the word שמואל Shemuel must be here considerably contracted; if it express this sentiment, the component parts of it are the following: מאל שאול shaul meEl, "asked of God." 1 Samuel 3. However, the Bible never puts polygamy in a favorable light. In the first subsection ( 1 Samuel 1:1 to 1 Samuel 2:10), we have the joyful story of Samuel"s miraculous birth and his mother"s gratitude to God for reversing her barrenness and making her fertile.The significance of this story is not only that it gives us the record of how Samuel was born and that his mother was a godly woman. : This could be translated, “And I also made myself to present for the LORD.” The idea is not that Hannah “owned” the child and “lent” him to the LORD. Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. The once despised Saviour will at length be acknowledged by all as the Lord's own anointed king. c. The God of Israel grant your petition: Eli may have spoken this only as a kind wish; but it was in fact a word from the LORD. The monarchy of Israel begins with a narrative of despair and humility. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. The focus of these chapters is on the life and ministry of Samuel. 17 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. Their bottles for wine and fluids in general were made out of skins of goats, stripped off without being cut up; the places whence the legs were extracted sewed up, as also the lower part; and the top tied. Commentary for 1 Samuel 1 In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were gathered together at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah; they encamped between Sochoh and Azekah, in Ephes Dammim. We may suppose Samuel now convinced Saul that he was the person God had fixed upon for … So Eli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? And it happened, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli watched her mouth. Now the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. Elkanah and his family. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. This is the first place where Lord of hosts is mentioned in the Bible; and this is so much in the style of the prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc., that it gives some weight to the supposition that this book was written by a person who lived in or after the times of these prophets. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. Those that submit to the government of the world and the flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what tyranny the dominion of sin is. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. As your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to the LORD. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. An EasyEnglish Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Samuel becomes the leader of God's people, not because of self-serving ambition or a sense of entitlement, but because God had given him a vision (1 Sam. Instead of keeping the bitterness of soul and the anguish in her heart, she poured it out of her soul before the LORD. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). i. Hannah shows how we can regain the joy of fellowship in the house of the LORD again: by pouring out our heart before the LORD and by receiving His word with. With three bullocks - The Septuagint, the Syriac, and the Arabic, read, a bullock of three years old; and this is probably correct, because we read, 1 Samuel 1:25, that they slew הפר את eth happar, The bullock. (19-20) Samuel’s miraculous conception and his birth. Ramathaim-zophim - Literally, the two high places of the watchman; these were, no doubt, two contiguous hills, on which watchtowers were built, and in which watchmen kept continual guard for the safety of the country and which afterwards gave name to the place. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. As thy soul liveth - As sure as thou art a living soul, so surely am I the person who stood by thee here praying. : Eli misunderstood Hannah, but the fact that he suspected that she was drunk shows that it may not have been unusual for people to become drunk at the “fellowship meals” with the LORD at the tabernacle. Typically, the vow of a Nazirite was taken for a set and rather short period of time. Typically, the vow of a Nazirite was taken for a set and rather short period of time. b. As your soul lives, my lord, I. the woman who stood by you here, praying to the LORD. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Psalm relevant to this chapter: Psalm 59. Commentaries on 1/2 Samuel. Elkanah and his family. Until thou have weaned him - On the nature of this weaning, and the time in which it was usually done, the reader will be pleased to refer to the note on Genesis 21:8. This commentary has been through Advanced Theological Checking. She would explain herself, but she did it remembering that he was her high priest. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:1-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This passage has its roots in the book of Judges—in the chaotic time when “there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes” (Judges 17:6). b. We know the plague involved tumors (1 Samuel 5:6, 9, 12). c. It came to pass in the process of time: It didn’t happen right away. The transactions recorded in the eleventh and twelfth chapters were the principal incidents comprising the first year of Saul's reign; and the events about to be described in this happened in the second year. Even though things were hard God was still in charge. : Beyond Hannah’s painful trial there was a purpose of God. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” And Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait until you have weaned him. Therefore I also have lent him to the LORD; as long as he lives he shall be lent to the LORD.” So they worshiped the LORD there. i. Hannah, from Ephraimite country, is a childless wife, thereby making her one of the more excluded figures of ancient Israel. Hannah's song penetrates the surface, pointing to the pillars of injustice that must be pulled down. These three things, the ox, the flour, and the wine, probably constituted the consecration-offering. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. Their willingness to fulfill the vow even at great personal cost is evidence of godliness in Elkanah and Hannah. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Several of these probably attended there for the purposes of prostitution and gain; for it is said, 1 Samuel 2:22, that Eli's sons lay with the women at the door of the tabernacle, though this may refer to the women who kept the door. Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, one ephah of flour, and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the LORD in Shiloh. Taking no part in any mourning for the dead, nor to come near a dead body, because the dead show the corruption and the fruit of sin. It is reasonable to assume that Hannah was in no hurry to wean Samuel. The spirit of the Lord came upon David mightily (16:13). God can do His work by Himself, or by angels, or by any number of other means; but His normal method is to find, : He was a descendant of Zuph, and his family line shows he was a Levite (1 Chronicles 6:16-30). Therefore she wept - She was greatly distressed, because it was a great reproach to a woman among the Jews to be barren; because, say some, every one hoped that the Messiah should spring from her line. Verses 1-8 We have here an account of the state of the family into which Samuel the prophet was born. For this child I prayed, and the LORD has granted me my petition which I asked of Him. It would be easy for Hannah to say, “I don’t need to dedicate my child to the LORD, because he is already dedicated.” But there was a deeper dedication for the LORD to draw out of Hannah. You can find the best commentary on 1/2 Samuel … Samuel acts as an itinerant judge in Israel, 1 Samuel 7:15-17. Introduction. c. I also have lent him to the LORD: This could be translated, “And I also made myself to present for the LORD.” The idea is not that Hannah “owned” the child and “lent” him to the LORD. d. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). Commentary, 1 Samuel 1:4-20, Karla Suomaia, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 4. Hannah beareth more children, 1 Samuel 2:20,21. We hear of no more, and we know that a bullock or heifer of three years old was ordinarily used, see Genesis 15:9. Jennifer Garner is casual in black ensemble as she holds hands with son Samuel, 8, on Sunday stroll in LA. Saul’s Death Wish (1 Samuel 31) Report Inappropriate Ad. Instead, the idea is that the child is her “prayer,” or the fulfillment of her prayer to the LORD. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD. It is, however, much more. She is a great example of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises (Hebrews 6:12). See on 1 Samuel 1:28; (note). 1 Samuel 1:1-8 New International Version (NIV) The Birth of Samuel. Therefore I also have lent him to the LORD; as long as he lives he shall be lent to the LORD.” So they worshiped the LORD there. His annual worship at Shiloh and the portions he gave at such times to his wives, 3-5. 1 Samuel 2. As the shew-bread that was presented to the Lord was called פנים לחם lechem panim, the bread of faces, because it was placed before the face or appearances of the Lord; probably this was called אפים מנה manah appayim, because it was the portion that belonged to, or was placed before, the person who had offered the sacrifice. The fact that Eli suspected Hannah of drunkenness doesn’t speak well for what went on around the tabernacle. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Spurgeon on Blaikie's related life of David: "Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. You can also change some of your preferences. His father’s name was Elkanah, a Levite, and of the family of the Kohathites (the most honourable house of that tribe) as appears, 1 Chr. Then they arose early in the morning and worshipped. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. A. Jonathan defends David before his father Saul. Samuel, Saul and David. ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. 1:3, and from the provisions of the Law of Moses. God instructed Samuel to anoint David, and Samuel has done that, albeit secretly—Saul knows nothing of the anointing (16:1-13). The fact that 1 Samuel 1:24 mentions three bulls brought to Shiloh, but 1 Samuel 1:25 mentions only one being sacrificed (with some of the meat available for a fellowship meal) emphasizes that one of the bulls was specifically made as a burnt offering for the cleansing and consecration of little Samuel. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. It is very likely that the whole passage, from the beginning of 1 Samuel 1:26; to the end of 1 Samuel 2:10; of the ensuing chapter, contains the words of Hannah alone; and that even the clause, He worshipped the Lord there, should be, And she worshipped the Lord there, and prayed, and said, etc. Verses 1-5 Samuel had retired to his own house in Ramah, with a resolution not to appear any more in public business, but to addict himself wholly to the instructing and training up of the sons of the prophets, over whom he presided, as we find, ch. The commentary on the books of Samuel is a great example of Baldwin’s high quality work. i. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion - The Hebrew here is very obscure, אפים אחת מנה יתן yitten manah achath appayim ; he gave her one portion of two faces; which the Syriac renders, he gave her one Double Part; and the Chaldee, he gave her one Chosen part; the Arabic is nearly the same; the Vulgate Annae autem dedit unam partem tristis, but to Anna he being sorrowful gave one part. Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial - בליעל בת לפני אמתך את תתן אל al titten eth amathecha liphney bath Beliyael ; 'Put not thy handmaiden before the faces of a daughter of Belial." They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. Indeed this latter clause is wanting in the Polyglot Septuagint, as I have stated above. : This is literally, “as she multiplied to pray.” We only have recorded a bare summary of Hannah’s prayer. Cyril J. Barber - One of the finest devotional commentaries ever produced. 1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. Zecharias, the father of John the Baptist, quoted Hannah in Luke 1:69 when he prophetically called Jesus a horn of salvation, quoting from 1 Samuel 2:10. Words in boxes are from the Bible. 1, 2. a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim--The first word being in the dual number, signifies the double city--the old and new town of Ramah ( 1 Samuel 1:19).There were five cities of this name, all on high ground. And she said, “O my lord! I will give him unto the Lord - Samuel, as a descendant of the house of Levi, was the Lord's property from twenty-five years of age till fifty; but the vow here implies that he should be consecrated to the Lord from his infancy to his death, and that he should not only act as a Levite, but as a Nazarite, on whose head no razor should pass. Instead, the idea is that the child is her “prayer,” or the fulfillment of her prayer to the LORD. Pastor Armstrong teaches this year-long study through 1 Samuel in his notable in-depth, insightful style. Grant thee thy petition - He was satisfied he had formed a wrong judgment, and by it had added to the distress of one already sufficiently distressed. 5. By Rachel Mcgrath For Dailymail.com. The once despised Saviour will at length be acknowledged by all as the Lord's own anointed king. Spake in her heart; only her lips moved - She prayed; her whole heart was engaged: and though she spake not with an audible voice, yet her lips formed themselves according to the pronunciation of the words which her heart uttered. Let thine handmaid find grace - Continue to think favorably of me, and to pray for me. No, my lord: Hannah did not accept Eli’s accusation, but she did not respond in a haughty or arrogant tone. Eli, undeceived, blesses her; on which she takes courage, 1 Samuel 1:17, 1 Samuel 1:18. 2. 1. Introduction. A. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink - Neither wine nor inebriating drink has been poured out unto me; but I have poured out my soul unto the Lord. Effective prayer can be silent and in the heart. 1 Samuel 1. Only in 2 Samuel 1, after Saul's death, does David function independently—in 1 Samuel he is regarded always as the servant of Saul and his story is always subordinated to Saul's." The name Samuel means “Name of God” but Hannah – as was common among the Hebrews – made a pun on the name by saying that she had “asked the LORD for him.” Asked in Hebrew sounds like Samuel. 1832. With three bulls: The fact that 1 Samuel 1:24 mentions three bulls brought to Shiloh but 1 Samuel 1:25 mentions only one being sacrificed (with some of the meat available for a fellowship meal) emphasizes that one of the bulls was specifically made as a burnt offering for the cleansing and consecration of little Samuel. He lived in the town called Ramathaim Zuphim (Ramah). He gave - portions - The sacrifices which were made were probably peace-offerings, of which the blood was poured out at the foot of the altar; the fat was burnt on the fire; the breast and right shoulder were the portion of the priest, and the rest belonged to him who made the offering; on it he and his family feasted, each receiving his portion; and to these feasts God commands them to invite the Levite, the poor, the widow, and the orphan, Deuteronomy 16:11. 1 Samuel 17 – David and Goliath A. Goliath challenges Israel. A bottle of wine - יין נבל nebel yayin, a skin full of wine. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. And Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). Chapters 1:1-28; 2:1 … Very readable with excellent insights. Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. This book is broken in two, first and second. “The fact that Eli supposed her to be drunken, and the other of the conduct of Eli’s sons already mentioned, prove that religion was at this time at a very low ebb in Shiloh; for it seems drunken women did come to the place, and lewd women were to be found there.” (Clarke).
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