See a doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis or abscess. But staph infections can turn deadly if the bacteria invade deeper into your body, entering your bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs or heart. Here’s our process. Furuncles are commonly found on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks, and thighs. Here are a few of the more common bacterial skin infections: 1. August 4, 2020 506 No comment. There are many different types of skin disorders. 10 Types of Skin Infections . If your hair tends to be dry, you may want to try changing your hair care routine. Figure 2. Not surprisingly, children are more prone to hot tub folliculitis because their skin is thinner, and they tend to stay in the water longer than adults do. Ringworm. Different types of viral infections include: These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and are most likely to develop in damp areas of the body, such as the feet or armpit. Hot tub folliculitis is also more common in people with acne or dermatitis, both of which make the skin conducive to bacterial penetration. This skin infection, caused by the corynebacteria, causes small nodules that produce odors similar to armpit sweat. Fungal and bacterial infections are by far the most common. More complex infections may require a consultation with a dermatologist or even a rheumatologist. Viral infections can also cause cancer. It can be somewhat itchy but rarely causes pain or discomfort. August 4, 2020 506 No comment. Here is a list of 25 with pictures. The most common types of viral skin infections are: shingles (herpes zoster), chickenpox, Molluscum contagiosum, warts, measles, hand, foot, and mouth disease. Probably the most common thing fungi do to the body is cause annoying, itchy skin problems: Athlete's foot (what doctors call tinea pedis) is a condition in which tiny fungi grow in between your toes, making the skin really itchy and sore. The most common type, herpetic impetigo, begins as an outbreak of tiny blisters that rupture, ooze fluid, and eventually form a honey-colored crust. Viral skin infection: Viral infections of skin are mostly caused due to three types of viruses- herpes virus, human papillomavirus, and pox virus. Athlete's foot (also known as "ringworm of the foot", tinea pedum, and "moccasin foot") is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. Skin infections are caused by any invading microorganisms and cause complications to the immune system that causes visual symptoms of the surface of the skin. A break or cut in the skin may allow bacteria to get into the deeper layers of the skin. The most common are Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (also known as MRSA), which is resistant to many commonly used antibiotics, is now the most common bacteria causing skin infections in the United States.One particular strain of MRSA has caused more than half of all community-associated skin and … Symptoms of bacterial folliculitis include tiny, red bumps or white-headed pimples filled with pus. It can be as large as 4 inches across horizontally, and usually has one or more openings from which pus may ooze onto the skin. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Laboratory tests are usually required to accurately diagnose MRSA. Here are some of the most common types of fungal infections: Tinea versicolor Also known as pityriasis versicolor, tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that affects the epidermis, the topmost layer of the skin. / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. Some of them are quite common and familiar to everyone, while others are pretty rare. The infection begins in a hair follicle or an oil gland, building until it reaches the skin's surface. These infections are most commonly treated with anti-fungal creams. Warning: graphic images ahead. Examples include: Human papillomavirus-associated penile, vulval, and oral intraepithelial neoplasia, vulval and oral cancer, epidermodysplasia verruciformis ; Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. Types of Fungal Skin Infections Dermatophyte Infections. Localised skin and mucosal conditions caused by viral infections include: Read our, Medically reviewed by Casey Gallagher, MD, Medically reviewed by Lindsey Waldman, MD, RD, Medically reviewed by Jonathan B. Jassey, DO, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The scalp is in fact more at risk of an infection at times. Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology. While bacterial folliculitis usually heals on its own without any special treatment, more severe cases may require antibiotics. 2016;3:33. doi:10.1186/s40779-016-0104-3, Sullivan T, de Barra E. Diagnosis and management of cellulitis. Erythrasma commonly develops in warm, humid climates, or as a result of poor hygiene, sweating, obesity, diabetes, advanced age, or poor immune function. These infections can spread beyond the skin to the bloodstream and organs. Similar in appearance to cellulitis, which occurs in the lower layers of the skin, erysipelas is caused by Streptococcus bacteria. In these cases, MRSA can spread through the bloodstream to infect other organs, such as the lungs or urinary tract. Michael Y, Shaukat NM. Read on to learn more about skin infections and what to do if you have one. A skin infection is an infection of the skin in humans and other animals, that can also affect the associated soft tissues such as loose connective tissue and mucous membranes. Some of them are not just skin infections … Carbuncles usually develop on the back, thighs, or back of the neck. Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the upper layers of the skin. Many types of bacteria can infect the skin. Learn all…, Avocados boast an impressive list of skin-boosting benefits. Boils, or furuncles, are round, pus-filled skin nodules that result from infection with staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Examples include between skin folds or under the breasts. Fungal Skin Infections Fungal Skin Infections Fungal infections of the skin are very common and include athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections. It often appears as a swollen, red area on the skin, and feels tender and hot when touched. If the strain of bacteria is resistant to treatment, treating the infection may require intravenous antibiotics administered in the hospital. Top 33 Common & Different Types Of Skin Infections In children 1. Folliculitis. The scalp is in fact more at risk of an infection at times. Treatment should start immediately; otherwise the infection should penetrate the deeper layers. Athlete’s Foot Also known as tinea pedis, it affects the foot, and in some cases, the toenails.Men are more affected by this infection than women. Folliculitis is an infection that involves damage of the hair follicles and the surrounding tissue, causing inflammation to the skin (much like infected red spots). A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Viral skin infections tend to be much more aggressive and virulent if the immune system, especially the T-cell system, is inadequate. Common bacterial skin infections include: Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. Apply cold compresses to your skin several times a day to reduce itching and inflammation. For example, Bacteria cause cellulitis, impetigo, and staphylococcal (staph) infections. Can I Use Neosporin for My Eye Infection? Types of fungal infection. Most can be treated by your internist or family physician. A parasitic infection isn’t life-threatening but can be uncomfortable. The classical example is in HIV and skin disease but unusual and gross viral infections of the skin may occur in any condition in which immunity is impaired. 8th ed. J Clin Diagn Res. Ringworm is treated by an ingested anti-fungal medicine. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. The infection begins in a hair follicle or an oil gland, building until it reaches the skin's surface. Yeast infections, athletes foot, and jock itch are all caused by a fungus. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Viral infections can also cause cancer. Fungal infection: Body chemistry and lifestyle can increase the risk of a fungal infection. They also range from mild to severe and there are also viral skin infections that show up in people with associated systemic diseases. Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. Fungal infections of the skin most commonly occur in areas that retain moisture, either as a result of perspiration, or areas that are covered by fabric for long periods of time being kept damp. Cellulitis typically develops in areas where the skin has been broken, such as near ulcers, bruises, burns, or recent surgical wounds. While many types of bacteria can cause cellulitis, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are the most common culprits. His research has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine. 10 Types of Skin Infections . Cellulitis occurs most often on the legs, but it can appear anywhere on the body. What are the symptoms of a skin infection? Its function is to protect your body from infection. Types of Skin Infections. These infections range from mild to severe. Viruses cause shingles, warts, and herpes simplex. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2016/21664.8587, Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Boils, or furuncles, are round, pus-filled skin nodules that result from infection with staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The symptoms of an MRSA infection depend on the part of the body that is infected, and may include redness, swelling, pain, pus, or fever. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial … We include products we think are useful for our readers. Left untreated, folliculitis can cause permanent hair loss. Types of skin infections include ringworm, athlete's foot, and yeast caused by fungi. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.Many such fungi live only in the topmost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) and … Symptoms include extreme redness, swelling, and a sharply-defined border between the normal and infected skin tissue. Mil Med Res. This infection tends to be more prevalent among people with acne as compared to those who have clear skin. (a) A furuncle contains pus and exhibits swelling. A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds. Boils and carbuncles: How are boils treated? Make an appointment with your doctor if you have a skin condition that’s causing discomfort. The skin over the infected area usually becomes red and swollen. How to Spot and Treat Cellulitis Before It Becomes a Problem, How Erythrasma Skin Infection Is Linked to Humidity and Diabetes, Staph Skin Infections and MRSA Treatments, Do You Have a Fungal or Yeast Infection? Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. Erythrasma develops in areas where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, groin, or between the toes. They usually cause mild infections, but these can be more serious in people with cancer. Kaur D, Chate S. Study of antibiotic resistance pattern in methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus with special reference to newer antibiotic. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.Many such fungi live only in the topmost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) and … Some fungal infections aren’t contagious, and these infections are typically non-life-threatening. Each of these come with their own symptoms, issues and treatments. In the most serious cases, a bacterial infection can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis, which may be life-threatening.. Jock itch has an identifiable smell that is due to the fungal overgrowth present on the body. Skin infections caused by staph bacteria include: Boils. There are many different types of infections, each with their own causes and symptoms. Felon. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Dry hair is a common problem among men. The infection tends to be deeper and more severe than those caused by furuncles. Bacterial skin infections generally affect only the surface layer of the cat’s skin. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Yeast Infection on Skin Types. Early prevention of trauma-related infection/sepsis. In: Mandell, Douglas, And Bennett's Principles And Practice Of Infectious Diseases. It's an unfortunate fact, but your feet are prone to fungal infections. Certain types of mold and fungus can cause a yeast infection. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Skin infections can spread beyond the skin and into the bloodstream. Updated December 20, 2019. Another type of skin infection is skin abscess, which is a collection of pus under the skin. One huge difference between viral skin infections and bacterial or fungal skin infections is the fact that viral skin infections can’t be cured using antibiotics or antifungal drugs. Erythrasma develops in areas where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, groin, or between the toes. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. For utmost sun protection, use your sunscreen before the stated expiration date…, Deodorant allergy is a reaction to antiperspirant or deodorant. Bacterial infection include cellulitis, impetigo, and staph skin infections. Getting a cut or scratch doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop a skin infection, but it does increase your risk if you have a weakened immune system. The yeast that causes this condition thrives on oil glands. J Glob Infect Dis. It is caused by fungus, which lives in nail tissue, hair, and dead skin. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Trichomycosis is found in the sweat gland areas, such as the pubic or axillary (armpit) areas, caused by the hair shafts. This is due to the healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals that are packed inside this super…, Chamois cream is a thick cream that minimizes friction between clothing and skin. Can Avocados Improve the Health of Your Skin? Different types of parasitic skin infections include: The symptoms of a skin infection also vary depending on the type. Alopecia related dog skin problems have multiple potential causes, including stress and poor nutrition, as well as allergies, parasites and bacterial infections mentioned above. You may also experience other symptoms, such as itching, pain, and tenderness. He is a clinical professor at the University of Colorado in Denver, and co-founder and practicing dermatologist at the Boulder Valley Center for Dermatology in Colorado. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Furuncles (boils) and carbuncles are infections of the skin often caused by Staphylococcus bacteria. Most types of bacterial infections respond well to medications. Ogunbiyi A. Pseudofolliculitis barbae; current treatment options. The four types of skin infections are bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic. Skin infections are caused by a wide variety of germs, and symptoms can vary from mild to serious. Erysipelas, which is colloquially known as St. Anthony's Fire because of the intense, burning sensation that characterizes it, infects the top two layers of the skin. Sometimes the skin itself becomes infected. doi:10.2147/CCID.S149250, Bennett J, Blaser M. Chapter 221 - Pseudomonas aeruginosa and ther Pseudomonas species. Here is a list of 25 with pictures. What Are Some Common Skin Diseases and Conditions? Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious bacterial infection that is resistant to standard antibiotic treatment. It will often cause a mild, ulcerative sore on the skin and can sometimes lead to serious infections. The following are four different types of skin infections: Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some of these candida yeast infections can be explained as follows: Perleche or angular cheilitis; This is the softening of the skin that has deep creases around the angles of your mouth. Causes. Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Cellulitis affects the two deepest layers of the skin—the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. A type of fungi called dermatophytes are commonly found in warm, moist areas like … Check Out These 10 Types, Early prevention of trauma-related infection/sepsis, Pseudofolliculitis barbae; current treatment options. Sometimes, the infection is accompanied by fever and general weakness and exhaustion. Applying warm compresses can help drain a furuncle of pus, but In severe cases, it may have to be lanced in the doctor's office.. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Fungi cause athlete's foot and yeast infections. For example, you may experience multiple bouts of athlete’s foot if you’re a runner or if you sweat a lot. They usually cause mild infections, but these can be more serious in people with cancer. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages 2016;10(9):DC32–DC36. One huge difference between viral skin infections and bacterial or fungal skin infections is the fact that viral skin infections can’t be cured using antibiotics or antifungal drugs. Home care for a skin infection works to reduce symptoms. This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing. Your doctor may ask about your symptoms and closely examine any bumps, rashes, or lesions. [citation needed] They comprise a category of infections termed skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs), or skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), and acute bacterial SSSIs (ABSSSIs). doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.18-2-160. Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the top layer of epidermal skin It is highly contagious and more commonly seen in children than adults. Caused by Streptococcus and Staphylococcus, the hallmark of impetigo is a honey-colored crust. Impetigo. It can create an itchy rash and may be caused by deodorant ingredients, such as…, Although often a sign of natural aging, sunken cheeks could be the result of other factors, including illness, diet, or personal habits. A good medical exam is the best way to determine what is causing a skin infection. Bacterial skin infections, Bacterial dermatologic disorders, Bacterial infections of skin, Systemic bacterial infections with skin manifestations. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Learn About Some of the Most Common Bacterial Skin Infections, How to Tell If an Abscess Needs Medical Attention. If left untreated, a furuncle can develop into an abscess. There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. There are many species of candida that exists on the skin. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. You can use over-the-counter antifungal sprays and creams to treat a fungal skin infection. A type of fungi called dermatophytes are commonly found in warm, moist areas like … Normally, different types of bacteria live on a person’s skin. Treatment depends on the cause of the infection and the severity. Different types of bacterial skin infections include: Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. See a doctor if you have pus-filled blisters or a skin infection that doesn’t improve or gets progressively worse. Different types of viral infections include: shingles (herpes zoster) chickenpox The usual symptoms of this problem are bump, scaly patch, and red. Unlike folliculitis, which also involves infection of a hair follicle, a furuncle is an infection of the entire pilosebaceous unit. Clin Med (Lond). In addition, you can apply medicated creams to your skin to treat parasitic skin infections. Home care may include the following: The prognosis for a skin infection varies depending on the cause. They are contagious and can spread to other parts of the body, and to other people. John Hopkins Medicine: “Parasitic Infections of the Skin.” Mayo Clinic: “Molluscum Contagiosum,” “Cellulitis,” “Folliculitis,” “Boils and carbuncles,” “Shingles.” Some of these candida yeast infections can be explained as follows: Perleche or angular cheilitis; This is the softening of the skin that has deep creases around the angles of your mouth. A carbuncle is a cluster of several furuncles densely packed together. The most common type of staph infection is the boil, a pocket of pus that develops in a hair follicle or oil gland. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Although most cases of cellulitis resolve quickly with treatment, some can spread to the lymph nodes and bloodstream and can become life-threatening. The classical example is in HIV and skin disease but unusual and gross viral infections of the skin may occur in any condition in which immunity is impaired. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. The risk of scarring is higher with a carbuncle infection, and it may take longer to develop and resolve than furuncles. In other cases, a sample of skin cells can help your doctor determine the type of infection. The most common types of viral skin infections are: shingles (herpes zoster), chickenpox, Molluscum contagiosum, warts, measles, hand, foot, and mouth disease. Types of Skin infections including their causes, diagnosis, and related symptoms from a list of 133 total causes of symptom Skin infections. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candida or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes, such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton.Many such fungi live only in the topmost layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) and … Alopecia related dog skin problems have multiple potential causes, including stress and poor nutrition, as well as allergies, parasites and bacterial infections mentioned above. 2. Erythrasma is a superficial skin infection caused by the Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteria. Powdered vitamin C is thought to be more stable than other forms of vitamin C. Here’s how it works and when you may want to use it. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds. Parasitic skin infection: When small organisms or insects burrow under the skin and lay eggs, it has chances to result in parasitic skin infection. Heather L. Brannon, MD, is a family practice physician in Mauldin, South Carolina. Cat bites also produce skin infections caused by the various types of bacteria found in the cat’s saliva that enter the skin … All About Chamois Cream (aka Anti-Chafing Cream). All rights reserved. In: InformedHealth.org. Parasitic skin infection: Tiny insects or organisms burrowing underneath your skin and laying eggs can cause a parasitic skin infection. Authoritative facts from DermNet New Zealand. Skin yeast infections are usually found on warm, moist parts of the body. These are: Fungal Skin Infections. MRSA is a type of … Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Localised skin and mucosal conditions caused by viral infections include: Proper hygiene is important to prevent these types of skin infections or to prevent the progression of existing infections. A growing number of otherwise healthy people are developing life-threatening staph infections. Shaving or plucking hairs can also increase risk.. Hot tub folliculitis is characterized by pus-filled bumps and an itchy red rash that appears anywhere from a few hours to several days after exposure to the bacteria. Updated April 30, 2019. Bacterial infections are often treated with topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin or with oral antibiotics. Ringworm is one of the most common types of skin infections in children. The cause of a skin infection depends on the type of infection. Common symptoms include redness of the skin and a rash. Most of the time, these bacteria cause no problems or result in relatively minor skin infections. Your doctor may also recommend medications to reduce discomfort like anti-inflammatory drugs. Treatments for the less serious infections are often available over the counter at drug or department stores. Oral thrush Skin infections. However, fungal infections can spread very easily and quickly. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. It's an unfortunate fact, but your feet are prone to fungal infections. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Seek medical help immediately if you suspect you have this infection. Study of antibiotic resistance pattern in methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus with special reference to newer antibiotic, Surgical site infection by methicillin resistant S. Ma XY, Tian LX, Liang HP. Viral skin infections are of many kinds ranging from mild to severe, common to rare and infectious to disease-causing. The usual symptoms of this problem are bump, scaly patch, and red. Minor conditions such as athlete's foot or eczema can lead to erysipelas, or it can occur when bacteria spread to the nasal passages following a nose or throat infection., Bacterial folliculitis is a relatively common infection of the hair follicles, usually caused by a fungus, ingrown hair, or blockages from moisturizers or other products applied to the skin. Ringworm. Wearing sweaty or wet clothes is a risk factor for skin infections. Types of Skin infections including their causes, diagnosis, and related symptoms from a list of 133 total causes of symptom Skin infections. There are many different types of skin disorders. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. Bacterial and viral infections are hard to contract. Bacterial Skin Infections. Trusted information on medical conditions Have a health concern? Updated April 16, 2019. Infection happens when you have too much yeast, or when it gets into a cut on your skin. Certain types of mold and fungus can cause a yeast infection. Mild infections may be treatable with over-the-counter medications and home remedies, whereas other infections may require medical attention. Skin infections, referring specifically to those that occur as a result of a pathogen, can broadly be grouped into belonging to one of four types. Here is a rundown of the nine most common bacterial infections and how to identify them. Oral thrush Fungal infections are some of the most common skin infections. Examples include: Human papillomavirus-associated penile, vulval, and oral intraepithelial neoplasia, vulval and oral cancer, epidermodysplasia verruciformis ; Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. Ringworm is one of the most common types of skin infections in children. Skin infections are caused by different kinds of germs. Here's how to identify it, as well as the other symptoms…, According to FDA regulations, sunscreen has a shelf life of 3 years. Certain strains of bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are resistant to common antibiotics and are more difficult to treat. Fungi are by nature considered opportunistic. Pilosebaceous units, which are located throughout the body (except on the palms, soles of the feet, and lower lip), comprise the shaft, follicle, sebaceous gland, and arrector pili muscle (a bundle of small muscle fibers attached to a hair follicle). These infections range from mild to severe. Initially, symptoms include skin lesions of well-defined pink patches covered with fine scales and wrinkling that become red, then brown and scaly. It begins as a red lump, which may be tender, and rapidly fills with pus as it becomes enlarged. If a boil breaks open, it will probably drain pus. Due to its location and appearance, it's often confused with fungal infections like athlete's foot and jock itch. Erysipelas. Boils are common in children, those with poor hygiene and those with impaired immune systems. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. It is more likely to occur when the skin is broken and particularly at folds of skin, like between the toes of the feet. Impetigo is usually treated with topical antibiotics. What Causes Some Men to Have Dry, Brittle Hair and How to Treat It, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Initially, symptoms include skin lesions of well-defined pink patches covered with fine scales and wrinkling that become red, then brown and scaly. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat). The most common cause of a carbuncle is the staph bacteria.. If your condition doesn’t improve, ask your doctor about prescription oral or topical creams. Erythrasma is a superficial skin infection caused by the Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteria. Top 33 Common & Different Types Of Skin Infections In children. Last medically reviewed on January 26, 2017, The human digestive system is the means by which tissues and organs receive nutrients to function. A furuncle, more commonly known as a boil, is a painful infection that forms around a hair follicle. The scalp, like skin anywhere on the body, is prone to infections from many different types of infectious agents. Ringworm is another fungal infection. MRSA is a type of … ... fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot, ringworm, and yeast infections; MedlinePlus. MedlinePlus. The sores associated with this bacterial infection usually occur around the nose and mouth but can spread to other parts of the body through skin-to-skin contact, clothing, and towels. Some types of viral skin infections may improve on their own within days or weeks. People with erythrasma are usually asymptomatic, but mild itchiness or burning may be present, especially if the infection is located in the groin area. For this reason, carbuncles often require medical attention. 2015;7(2):78. doi:10.4103/0974-777x.157245, Bhattacharya S, Pal K, Jain S, Chatterjee SS, Konar J. Surgical site infection by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus- on decline?. Fungal and bacterial infections are by far the most common. Your skin is the largest organ of your body. Tinea Nigra. Boils and carbuncles: How are boils treated? Viral skin infection: The most common viruses come from one of three groups of viruses: poxvirus, human papillomavirus, and herpes virus. Carbuncle. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. A decreased immune system can be the result of an illness or the side effect of medication. It is caused by fungus, which lives in nail tissue, hair, and dead skin. Athlete's foot (also known as "ringworm of the foot", tinea pedum, and "moccasin foot") is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. Bacterial skin infections exist and can be contracted quite easily and spread from one person to another, from the contact of skin or surfaces. Yeast Infection on Skin Types. Updated June 14, 2018. Risk Factors. Skin infections can vary from mild to severe. CDC / Bruno Coignard, M.D. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. Cellulitis or abscess can occur if there is a cut or a break in the skin that allows bacteria to enter and cause an infection. Your doctor will be able to provide the necessary treatment for recovery. Common bacterial skin infections include: Cellulitis causes a painful, red infection that is usually warm to the touch. There are four types of skin infection: bacterial; viral; fungal; parasitic; Some skin infections require medical treatment. Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. Athlete’s foot can lead to extreme itching, redness, and cracked skin on the feet and in between the toes. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. She has been in practice for over 20 years. A felon is an infection at the tip of the finger. Treatment usually involves antibiotics a… It … Often, doctors can identify the type of skin infection based on the appearance and location. It helps prevent the uncomfortable skin chafing that many cyclists…. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2015. doi:10.1016/B978-1-4557-4801-3.00221-6. Fungi usually make their homes in moist areas of the body where skin surfaces meet: between the toes, in the genital area, and under the breasts. Viral skin infections tend to be much more aggressive and virulent if the immune system, especially the T-cell system, is inadequate. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Can Powdered Vitamin C Improve the Health of Your Facial Skin? ; Jeff Hageman, M.H.S. Tinea nigra is a type of fungal skin infection that mainly affects the palms of … Hot tub folliculitis typically occurs on the chest or areas under a swimsuit, where water and bacteria have been trapped for a period of time. For example, ringworm often causes a distinct circular, scaly rash. What are causes and risk factors for a skin infection? It is caused by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria, which can even survive in chlorinated water, making it tougher to kill. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (also known as MRSA), which is resistant to many commonly used antibiotics, is now the most common bacteria causing skin infections in the United States. Our experts guide you through symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. Skin infections by this species of yeasts is known as cutaneous candidiasis. Many types of bacteria can infect the skin. … The most common are Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. It is sometimes called “Pseudomonas folliculitis” or “Jacuzzi folliculitis" because it is contracted through contaminated whirlpools, hot tubs (especially wooden ones), water slides, physiotherapy pools, or even loofah sponges.. The skin between the toes becomes swollen, red, and scaly and can result in intense itching and burning. There are several ways to reduce the chances of developing a skin infection. Athlete’s foot can lead to extreme itching, redness, and cracked skin on the feet and in between the toes. Some MRSA infections visually look like other bacterial skin infections, and can even be confused with a spider bite. Boils are common in children, those with poor hygiene and … What Causes Sunken Cheeks and Can They Be Treated? 2018;18(2):160–163. There are many types of skin infections, but they usually fall into three categories: Fungal, Bacterial and Viral. Skin Infections. In some cases, skin infections can be caused by an injury, especially when your injury is exposed to the environment. While our skin plays an important role in protecting us from infections, it is also vulnerable to many kinds of infections. These types of skin infections are caused by a parasite. In: StatPearls. If the cellulitis spreads to your lymph nodes and bloodstream, it can become life-threatening. Fungi often grow in warm, moist environments. There are many types of skin infections but the one thing all have in common is they can be unsightly, uncomfortable, and even painful. Bacterial skin infection: This occurs when bacteria enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a cut or a scratch. There’s no shortage of viral skin infections – they come in many types. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain are common symptoms of food poisoning. 2019;12:241–247. Most are easy to identify and treat; rarely is a skin infection a serious threat to overall health. The system breaks down food, extracts nutrients…. 1. Viral skin infections. Skin infections are caused by any invading microorganisms and cause complications to the immune system that causes visual symptoms of the surface of the skin. Warning: graphic images ahead. If left untreated, systemic MRSA can easily spread from person to person, and may be contracted in the hospital following surgery.. Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways. 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